Corporate landlords like Blackstone are gobbling up mobile home parks and rapidly driving up rents — here’s why the space is so attractive to them

‘,panelEmptyTemplate=’

{emptyPanelMsg}

‘,panelErrorTemplate=’

{errorMsg}

‘,panelParentTemplate=”,notifOnboardPromoTemplate=”,EXPANDED_PANEL=”expanded_panel”,ERROR_PANEL=”error_panel”,NotificationView=function(){function e(n,t){classCallCheck(this,e);var i=this;i._config=n,i._panelNode=null,i._store=t}return createClass(e,[{key:”_generatePanelMarkup”,value:function(e,n){var t=this._config,i=void 0,o=void 0;”undefined”!=typeof window&&(i=window.Notification&&”default”===window.Notification.permission,o=t.promos.bypassEligibleClassCheck||hasClass(document.body,t.promos.eligibleBodyClass));var r=t.promos.enableNotifOnboard&&i&&o?notifOnboardPromoTemplate:””;if(r){var s=t.promos.showYahooLogo?””:”yns-no-logo”;r=r.replace(“{notifOnboardBtnLabel}”,t.promos.notifOnboardBtnLabel).replace(“{notifOnboardMsg}”,t.promos.notifOnboardMsg).replace(“{subscriptionTopic}”,t.promos.subscriptionTopic).replace(“{noLogoClass}”,s).replace(“{promoLogo}”,t.promos.promoLogo)}var a=n.newCount>t.panel.maxCount?n.newCount:””,c=t.panel.notificationCenterPath,l=c?””:constants.panelHideElement,d=t.panel.headerMsg?””:” “+constants.panelHideElement,u=c?constants.panelPaddingBtm:””,p=void 0;n.count?p=n.markup:p=panelEmptyTemplate.replace(“{emptyPanelMsg}”,t.panel.emptyPanelMsg);return e=e.replace(“{notifMarkup}”,p).replace(“{promoMarkup}”,r).replace(“{hideClass}”,l).replace(“{notifCenterLink}”,c).replace(“{paddingClass}”,u).replace(“{headerMsg}”,t.panel.headerMsg).replace(“{hideHeaderClass}”,d).replace(/{notificationCenterNavMsg}/g,t.panel.notificationCenterNavMsg).replace(/{newCount}/g,a)}},{key:”render”,value:function(e,n){var t=this;if(t._panelNode){var i=void 0,o=t._panelNode,r=void 0,s=void 0;switch(e){case EXPANDED_PANEL:i=panelTemplate,s=t._store.getNotifications(),r=t._generatePanelMarkup(i,s),o.innerHTML=r;break;case ERROR_PANEL:r=(i=panelErrorTemplate).replace(“{errorMsg}”,t._config.panel.errorMsg),o.innerHTML=r}n&&n()}else n&&n(new Error(“No panel parent”))}},{key:”createPanelParentNode”,value:function(e){e&&(e.innerHTML=panelParentTemplate,this._panelNode=document.getElementById(constants.panelNodeId))}},{key:”updateBadgeNode”,value:function(e){if(e){var n=this._store.getNotifications().newCount,t=this._config.badge.maxCount;if(n){var i=n>t?t+”+”:n;e.innerHTML=i}else e.innerHTML=””}}},{key:”addStyles”,value:function(e){if(e&&”undefined”!=typeof window){var n=document.getElementById(this._config.panel.styleTagId);n||((n=document.createElement(“style”)).type=”text/css”,n.id=this._config.panel.styleTagId,n.innerText=e,document.head.appendChild(n))}}}]),e}(),EXPANDED_PANEL$1=”expanded_panel”,ERROR_PANEL$1=”error_panel”,PanelController=function(){function e(n,t,i){classCallCheck(this,e);var o=this;o._store=t,o._view=i,o._config=n;var r=o._config.panel;o._panelParentNode=document.querySelector(r.parentSelector),o._badgeNode=o._config.badge.selector&&document.querySelector(o._config.badge.selector),o._indicatorNode=r.indicatorSelector&&document.querySelector(r.indicatorSelector)}return createClass(e,[{key:”createPanelParentNode”,value:function(){this._view.createPanelParentNode(this._panelParentNode),this._notifPanelNode=document.getElementById(constants.panelNodeId)}},{key:”refreshPanelNode”,value:function(e,n){var t=this;addClass(t._notifPanelNode,constants.panelLoading),t._store.fetchNotifications(e,(function(e,i){var o=window.wafer&&window.wafer.base;o&&o.destroy(t._notifPanelNode),e?t._notifPanelNode.innerHTML||(t._view.render(ERROR_PANEL$1),addClass(t._notifPanelNode,constants.panelLoading)):(t._view.render(EXPANDED_PANEL$1),t._view.updateBadgeNode(t._badgeNode),t._showBadge(),t._showIndicator(),t._view.addStyles(i.css)),removeClass(t._notifPanelNode,constants.panelLoading),o&&o.sync(t._notifPanelNode.parentNode),n&&n(e,i)}))}},{key:”resetBadge”,value:function(){var e=this;e._store.resetNewCount(),e._view.updateBadgeNode(e._badgeNode),addClass(e._badgeNode,e._config.badge.hideClass)}},{key:”_showIndicator”,value:function(){this._indicatorNode&&(this._store.getNotifications().newCount?addClass(this._indicatorNode,this._config.panel.indicatorClass):removeClass(this._indicatorNode,this._config.panel.indicatorClass))}},{key:”_showBadge”,value:function(){var e=this;e._store.getNotifications().newCount?removeClass(e._badgeNode,e._config.badge.hideClass):addClass(e._badgeNode,e._config.badge.hideClass)}}]),e}(),config={promos:{eligibleBodyClass:”display-push-promos”,enableNotifOnboard:!0,bypassEligibleClassCheck:!1,notifOnboardBtnLabel:”Notify Me”,notifOnboardMsg:”Get alerts for breaking news and top stories”,promoLogo:”https://s.yimg.com/cv/apiv2/ae/news/circle_bell.png”,showYahooLogo:!0,subscriptionTopic:”gondor_homerun_news”},badge:{hideClass:””,maxCount:5,selector:””},panel:{emptyPanelMsg:”You have no new notifications.”,errorMsg:””,headerMsg:”Notifications”,imageTag:”img:40×40|2|80″,indicatorClass:”yns-indicator”,indicatorSelector:null,maxCount:6,notificationCenterNavMsg:”View all {newCount} notifications”,notificationCenterPath:””,notificationTypes:””,parentSelector:null,styleTagId:”notificationStyles”,theme:”default”},service:{attemptCount:2,attemptDelay:1,url:null,resetUrl:null,isRMP:!1,responseType:”json”,timeout:1500}},Main=function(){function e(n){classCallCheck(this,e);var t=this;t.config=t._parseConfig(n),t._validateRequiredConfigs()&&(t._request=new NotificationRequest(t.config),t._store=new NotificationStore(t.config,t._request),t._view=new NotificationView(t.config,t._store),t._panelController=new PanelController(t.config,t._store,t._view),t._panelController.createPanelParentNode(),t._assignHelperMethods())}return createClass(e,[{key:”_parseConfig”,value:function(e){var n={};for(var t in objectAssign(n,config),n)if(n.hasOwnProperty(t)){var i=n[t],o=e[t];”object”===(void 0===i?”undefined”:_typeof(i))?objectAssign(i,o):n[t]=e[t]}return n}},{key:”_validateRequiredConfigs”,value:function(){var e=this.config;return!(!e.panel.parentSelector||!e.service.url)}},{key:”_assignHelperMethods”,value:function(){var e=this;e.helpers={refreshPanelNode:e._panelController.refreshPanelNode.bind(e._panelController),resetBadge:e._panelController.resetBadge.bind(e._panelController),resetIndicator:function(){removeClass(e._panelController._indicatorNode,e.config.panel.indicatorClass)}}}}]),e}(),notificationClient_module_min=Main,notificationClient={NotificationClient:notificationClient_module_min},CONSUMPTION_STORAGE_KEY=”lnct”,NotifClient=function(){function e(){var e,n;this.personalized=!1,this.ybarElem=document.getElementById(“ybar”),this.partnerClasses=null===(n=null===(e=this.ybarElem)||void 0===e?void 0:e.className)||void 0===n?void 0:n.match(/ybar-variant-([a-z]*)/),this.client=new notificationClient.NotificationClient(this.getConfig())}return e.prototype.refreshPanel=function(){var e,n,t,i=this,o={lastUpdate:this.getTimeStamp()||this.setTimeStamp(),loadInHpViewer:!0,includePersonalized:this.personalized},r=(null===(e=window.YAHOO)||void 0===e?void 0:e.context)||(null===(n=window.Af)||void 0===n?void 0:n.context)||{};return r.region&&r.lang&&(o.lang=r.lang,o.region=r.region),(null===(t=this.partnerClasses)||void 0===t?void 0:t.length)&&(o.partner=this.partnerClasses[1]),new Promise((function(e,n){i.client.helpers.refreshPanelNode({matrixParams:o},(function(t,i){t&&(logError(“Notification refresh error:”,t),n(t)),e(i)}))}))},e.prototype.resetBadge=function(){this.client.helpers.resetBadge(),this.setTimeStamp()},e.prototype.getConfig=function(){var e,n,t={promos:{eligibleBodyClass:”display-push-promos”,enableNotifOnboard:!0},badge:{selector:”#notif-badge”,hideClass:”ybar-notification-hidden”},panel:{emptyPanelMsg:”You have no new notifications.”,errorMsg:”Please check back later.”,headerMsg:”Notifications”,maxCount:5,parentSelector:”#ybarNotificationBody”,notificationTypes:”breakingNews”},service:{url:”/tdv2_fp/api/resource/NotificationHistory.getHistory”,isRMP:!1}},i=document.getElementById(“notification-container”),o=null===(e=null==i?void 0:i.dataset)||void 0===e?void 0:e.config,r={};if(o){“att”===(null===(n=this.partnerClasses)||void 0===n?void 0:n[1])&&(t.promos.showYahooLogo=!1);try{var s=JSON.parse(o);r=__assign({},s),this.personalized=1===s.personalize}catch(e){logError(“Notifications config parsing error”,e)}i&&delete i.dataset.config}return this.mergeConfigs(t,r)},e.prototype.mergeConfigs=function(e,n){var t=__assign({},e);for(var i in e)t[i]=__assign(__assign({},e[i]),n[i]);return t},e.prototype.getTimeStamp=function(){var e;return null===(e=window.localStorage)||void 0===e?void 0:e.getItem(CONSUMPTION_STORAGE_KEY)},e.prototype.setTimeStamp=function(){var e,n=””+Math.floor((new Date).getTime()/1e3);return null===(e=window.localStorage)||void 0===e||e.setItem(CONSUMPTION_STORAGE_KEY,n),n},e}(),notifClient=new NotifClient,getNotifClient=function(){return notifClient},reInit=function(){notifClient=new NotifClient},ybarRapid,ybarRapidInterval,ybarRapidErrMsg=””,beaconQueue=[],noop=function(){},logRapidError=function(){window.removeEventListener(“beforeunload”,logRapidError),””!==ybarRapidErrMsg&&logError(“Rapid not found on page”,new Error(ybarRapidErrMsg))},findRapidWithSpaceid=function(e){var n=void 0;if(e&&e.length>0)for(var t=0;t0){if(ybarRapid.addModules(o,!1,i),beaconQueue.length>0)for(e=0;e90&&fireImageBeacon(“performance”,e)}catch(e){}}),1e3)}))},measureInit=measure(“ybar-init”);initYbar(),measureInit.stop(),initPerformanceMetricsBeaconListener(),initRapid(),initErrorBeaconListener();var selected=”_yb_195yr”,Css$7={“right-item”:”_yb_giz2e”,selected:selected,”ybar-mod-topnavigation”:”_yb_11ijc”,”ybar-mod-topnavigation-teaser-imp”:”_yb_z11ac”},DOCUMENT_NODE_TYPE=9;if(“undefined”!=typeof Element&&!Element.prototype.matches){var proto=Element.prototype;proto.matches=proto.matchesSelector||proto.mozMatchesSelector||proto.msMatchesSelector||proto.oMatchesSelector||proto.webkitMatchesSelector}function closest(e,n){for(;e&&e.nodeType!==DOCUMENT_NODE_TYPE;){if(“function”==typeof e.matches&&e.matches(n))return e;e=e.parentNode}}var closest_1=closest;function _delegate(e,n,t,i,o){var r=listener.apply(this,arguments);return e.addEventListener(t,r,o),{destroy:function(){e.removeEventListener(t,r,o)}}}function delegate(e,n,t,i,o){return”function”==typeof e.addEventListener?_delegate.apply(null,arguments):”function”==typeof t?_delegate.bind(null,document).apply(null,arguments):(“string”==typeof e&&(e=document.querySelectorAll(e)),Array.prototype.map.call(e,(function(e){return _delegate(e,n,t,i,o)})))}function listener(e,n,t,i){return function(t){t.delegateTarget=closest_1(t.target,n),t.delegateTarget&&i.call(e,t)}}var delegate_1=delegate,ListNode=function(e){this.data=e,this.next=null,this.prev=null},LinkedList=function(){function e(){this.head=null,this.tail=null}return e.prototype.push=function(e){var n=new ListNode(e);return this.head?this.tail?(n.prev=this.tail,this.tail.next=n,this.tail=n):(this.tail=n,this.tail.prev=this.head,this.head.next=this.tail):(this.head=n,n.next=this.tail),n},e.prototype.size=function(){for(var e=0,n=this.head;n;)e+=1,n=n.next;return e},e.prototype.getHead=function(){return this.head},e.prototype.getTail=function(){return this.tail},e.prototype.get=function(e){if(e>=this.size())return null;for(var n=0,t=this.head;(null==t?void 0:t.next)&&n0&&Array.prototype.forEach.call(e,(function(e){e.onerror=function(){e.onerror=null,e.style.display=”none”}}))},fixLogoOutline=function(e,n){e&&(hideOutlineOnMouseDown(“#ybar-logo”,”#ybar-logo”,n),n.onDestroy((function(){e.classList.remove(“ybar-show-outline”),e.classList.remove(“ybar-hide-outline”)})))},logoClick=function(e,n){n&&e.addElementListener(n,”click”,(function(){e.triggerEvent(“logo-click”)}))},init$4=function(e,n){n.logoImages&&hideLogosOnError(n.logoImages),n.wrapper&&(fixLogoOutline(n.wrapper,e),logoClick(e,n.wrapper))};initModule(“ybar-mod-logo”,(function(e){var n={wrapper:document.getElementById(“ybar-logo”),logoImages:document.querySelectorAll(“.”.concat(Css$6[“logo-image”]))};init$4(e,n)}));var overlay$1=”_yb_bko44″,tooltip=”_yb_yx5i0″,tooltip__text=”_yb_1dm8w”,tooltip__voice=”_yb_bw7jd”,tooltip__web=”_yb_m9xea”,dark=”_yb_162iu”,darker=”_yb_8ih8h”,light=”_yb_12wbk”,midnight60=”_yb_1dast”,Css$5={“dropdown-open”:”_yb_1hmex”,”merchant-is-selected”:”_yb_6duow”,overlay:overlay$1,”selected-merchant-clear-button”:”_yb_h15s9″,”shops-buttons”:”_yb_1lsbm”,”styled-select”:”_yb_1sq6s”,tooltip:tooltip,”tooltip–show”:”_yb_1jmp4″,tooltip__text:tooltip__text,tooltip__voice:tooltip__voice,tooltip__web:tooltip__web,dark:dark,darker:darker,light:light,midnight60:midnight60},range=function(e,n){var t=Math.max(e,n),i=Math.min(e,n),o=Math.abs(t-i);return __spreadArray([],new Array(o+1),!0).map((function(e,n){return i+n}))},openSearchOverlay=function(e,n,t){var i=e.getConfig().bucketConfig,o=(void 0===i?{}:i).enable_search_ui,r=void 0!==o&&o;if(n.ybar){n.ybar.classList.add(“ybar-searchbox-assist-fullscreen”),document.documentElement.classList.add(“ybar-overlay”),document.body.classList.add(“ybar-overlay-noscroll”);beaconClick(“ybar”,”websrch”,””,{elm:”expand”,subsec:”searchbox”,itc:”1″}),setTimeout((function(){n.searchInput instanceof HTMLInputElement&&(t&&(n.searchInput.value=t),n.searchInput.focus(),r&&n.searchInput.click())}))}},closeSearchOverlay=function(e){var n;null===(n=e.ybar)||void 0===n||n.classList.remove(“ybar-searchbox-assist-fullscreen”),document.documentElement.classList.remove(“ybar-overlay”),document.body.classList.remove(“ybar-overlay-noscroll”),e.searchInput instanceof HTMLInputElement&&(e.searchInput.value=””,e.searchInput.blur())},initMweb=function(e,n){“smartphone”===e.getConfig().device&&(e.addElementListener(n.searchBoxPlaceholder,”click”,(function(){openSearchOverlay(e,n)})),e.addElementListener(n.searchBoxPlaceholder,”keydown”,(function(t){var i=t,o=i.keyCode,r=i.key,s=range(65,90),a=__spreadArray(__spreadArray([],range(58,57),!0),range(96,105),!0),c=__spreadArray(__spreadArray([],s,!0),a,!0).includes(o);(32===o||13===o||c)&&(t.preventDefault(),t.stopPropagation(),openSearchOverlay(e,n,c?r:””))})),n.searchBoxBackButton&&(e.addElementListener(n.searchBoxBackButton,”click”,(function(e){e.stopPropagation(),closeSearchOverlay(n);beaconClick(“ybar”,”back-close-srch”,””,{elm:”btn”,subsec:”searchbox”,itc:”1″})})),e.addElementListener(n.searchInput,”keyup”,(function(e){e.stopPropagation();27===e.keyCode&&(e.stopPropagation(),closeSearchOverlay(n))}))),e.onDestroy((function(){closeSearchOverlay(n)})))},Tooltip=function(){function e(e,n,t){n&&(this.ybar=e,this.elem=n,this.options=t,this.show=this.show.bind(this),this.hide=this.hide.bind(this),this.addEventListeners())}return Object.defineProperty(e.prototype,”tooltip”,{get:function(){var e=this;return this.tooltipMarkup||(this.tooltipMarkup=this.createTooltip(),(this.options.tooltipParentElm||this.elem).appendChild(this.tooltipMarkup),this.ybar.onDestroy((function(){var n,t;null===(t=null===(n=e.tooltipMarkup)||void 0===n?void 0:n.parentNode)||void 0===t||t.removeChild(e.tooltipMarkup)}))),this.tooltipMarkup},enumerable:!1,configurable:!0}),e.prototype.show=function(){this.tooltip.classList.add(this.options.showClass)},e.prototype.hide=function(){this.tooltip.classList.remove(this.options.showClass)},e.prototype.addEventListeners=function(){this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,”mouseenter”,this.show),this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,”focus”,this.show),this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,”mouseleave”,this.hide),this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,”blur”,this.hide)},e.prototype.createTooltip=function(){var e=document.createElement(“div”);e.className=this.options.containerClass||””;var n=document.createElement(“p”);return n.textContent=this.options.label,n.className=this.options.textClass||””,e.appendChild(n),e},e}();createCommonjsModule((function(module){(function(){var __webpack_modules__={“./src/index.js”:
/*!**********************!*
!*** ./src/index.js ***!
**********************/function(__unused_webpack_module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval(“var I18n = __webpack_require__(/*! ./lib/I18n */ “./src/lib/I18n.js”);nn(function (win, doc) {n “use strict”;nn var defaultConfig = {n uiLang: ‘en-US’,n speechLang: ‘en-US’,n voiceButton: ‘#voice-btn’,n searchBox: {n form: ‘#sf’,n input: ‘#yschsp’,n params: {n fr: ”,n fr2: ”n }n },n enable_voice_trending: false,n trending: {n market: “en-us”n },n ui: {n speechOverlay: {n disableBlur: falsen }n },n browsers: {n edge: falsen }n };nn function VoiceSearch(config) {n var self = this;n self.config = Object.assign(defaultConfig, config || {});n self.i18n = new VoiceSearch.I18n({n lang: self.config.uiLangn });n self.renderPermissionGuide(self);n self.renderSpeechPanel(self);n self.speechResult = ”;n self.noSpeech = true;n self.isRecognitionStart = false;n self.recognition = null;n self.voiceButton = doc.querySelector(self.config.voiceButton);n self.searchBoxForm = doc.querySelector(self.config.searchBox.form);n self.searchBoxQuery = doc.querySelector(self.config.searchBox.input);n self.speechPanel = doc.querySelector(‘#spch’);n self.speechButtonContainer = doc.querySelector(‘#spchbc’);n self.speechButton = doc.querySelector(‘#spchbc-btn’);n self.speechText = doc.querySelector(‘#spcht’);n self.speechOverlay = doc.getElementById(‘spch-overlay’);n self.retryLink = doc.querySelector(‘#spcht-retry’);n self.trending = doc.getElementById(‘spch-trending’);n self.trendingTerms = doc.getElementById(‘trending-terms’);n self.termSpans = doc.getElementsByClassName(“trending-term”);n self.closeButton = doc.querySelector(‘#spchx’);n self.startAudio = new Audio(‘https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-start-202105050733.wav’);n self.resultAudio = new Audio(‘https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-result-202105050733.wav’);n self.errorAudio = new Audio(‘https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-error-202105050733.wav’);n self.closeAudio = new Audio(‘https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-close-202105050733.wav’);n self.permissionGuide = doc.querySelector(‘#spchp’);n self.permissionGuideClose = doc.querySelector(‘#spchpx’);n self.permissionGuideTimer = null;nn self.onEscKeyDown = function (e) {n if (e.code !== ‘Escape’) {n return;n }nn self.recognition.stop();n self.sendBeacon(‘keybrd’, ‘voicesearch_cancel_esc’); // The clean up should put inside closePanel() instead of here,n // or func won’t be cleaned up if user close panel with btn or overlaynn self.closePanel(self);n };nn if (self.isBrowserSupported()) {n var SpeechRecognition = win.SpeechRecognition || win.webkitSpeechRecognition;n var SpeechGrammarList = win.SpeechGrammarList || win.webkitSpeechGrammarList;n var speechGrammar = ‘#JSGF V1.0;’;n self.recognition = new SpeechRecognition();n var speechRecognitionList = new SpeechGrammarList();nn if (speechRecognitionList.addFromString) {n speechRecognitionList.addFromString(speechGrammar, 1);n }nn self.recognition.grammars = speechRecognitionList;n self.recognition.continuous = false;n self.recognition.lang = self.config.speechLang;n self.recognition.interimResults = false;n self.recognition.maxAlternatives = 1;n /* Listeners */nn if (self.voiceButton) {n self.voiceButton.onclick = function () {n self.recognition.start();nn if (self.permissionGuideTimer) {n win.clearTimeout(self.permissionGuideTimer);n }nn self.permissionGuideTimer = win.setTimeout(function () {n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {n self.showPermissionGuide(self);n }n }, 300); // Also close when pressing escnn doc.addEventListener(‘keydown’, self.onEscKeyDown);n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch’);n };n }nn if (self.speechButton) {n self.speechButton.onclick = function () {n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {n self.recognition.start();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_panel_mic_restart’);n } else {n self.recognition.stop();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_panel_mic_close’);n self.closePanel(self);n }n };n }nn if (self.retryLink) {n self.retryLink.onclick = function () {n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {n self.recognition.start();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_panel_retry’);n }n };n }nn if (self.speechOverlay) {n self.speechOverlay.onclick = function () {n self.recognition.stop();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_cancel_outside’);n self.closePanel(self);n };n }nn if (self.closeButton) {n self.closeButton.onclick = functionn /*event*/n () {n self.recognition.stop();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_cancel’);n self.closePanel(self);n };n }nn if (self.permissionGuideClose) {n self.permissionGuideClose.onclick = functionn /*event*/n () {n self.recognition.stop();n self.sendBeacon(‘clk’, ‘voicesearch_permission_close’);n self.closeAudio.play();n self.hidePermissionGuide(self);n };n }n /* Recognition Events */nnn self.recognition.onresult = function (event) {n // The SpeechRecognitionEvent results property returns a SpeechRecognitionResultList objectn // The SpeechRecognitionResultList object contains SpeechRecognitionResult objects.n // It has a getter so it can be accessed like an arrayn // The first [0] returns the SpeechRecognitionResult at the last position.n // Each SpeechRecognitionResult object contains SpeechRecognitionAlternative objects that contain individual results.n // These also have getters so they can be accessed like arrays.n // The second [0] returns the SpeechRecognitionAlternative at position 0.n // We then return the transcript property of the SpeechRecognitionAlternative objectn // console.log(‘Confidence: ‘ + event.results[0][0].confidence);n self.speechResult = event.results[0][0].transcript;n /* Punctuation Handling: Check last character and strip it if necessary */nn self.handlePunctuation(self);nn if (self.speechText) {n self.speechText.innerText = self.speechResult;n }nn if (self.searchBoxQuery) {n self.searchBoxQuery.value = self.speechResult;n }nn self.resultAudio.play();n win.setTimeout(function () {n if (self.speechPanel) {n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(“s2tb”);n self.speechPanel.classList.add(“s2tb-h”);n }nn self.hideRetryLink(self);nn if (self.searchBoxForm) {n var inputFr = self.searchBoxForm.querySelector(‘[name=fr]’);n var inputFr2 = self.searchBoxForm.querySelector(‘[name=fr2]’);nn if (inputFr && self.config.searchBox && self.config.searchBox.params && self.config.searchBox.params.fr) {n inputFr.value = config.searchBox.params.fr;n inputFr.disabled = false; // for homepage casen }nn if (inputFr2 && self.config.searchBox && self.config.searchBox.params && self.config.searchBox.params.fr2) {n inputFr2.value = config.searchBox.params.fr2;n inputFr2.disabled = false; // for homepage casen }nn self.searchBoxForm.submit();n }n }, 1000);n };nn self.recognition.onspeechstart = functionn /*event*/n () {// Fired when speech startsn };nn self.recognition.onspeechend = function () {n // Fired when speech endsn self.recognition.stop();n };nn self.recognition.onerror = functionn /*event*/n () {n // console.log(‘Error occurred in recognition: ‘ + event.error);n if (self.speechText) {n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_error’);n }nn self.hideTrending(self);n self.showRetryLink(self);n self.errorAudio.play();n };nn self.recognition.onaudiostart = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when the user agent has started to capture audio.n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.add(“listening”);n }n };nn self.recognition.onaudioend = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when the user agent has finished capturing audio.n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(“listening”);n }n };nn self.recognition.onsoundstart = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when any sound — recognisable speech or not — has been detected.n self.hideTrending(self);n self.noSpeech = false;nn if (self.speechButtonContainer) {n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(“listening”);n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.add(“speaking”);n }n };nn self.recognition.onsoundend = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when no sound presentn if (self.speechButtonContainer) {n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(“speaking”);n }n };nn self.recognition.onstart = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when the speech recognition service has begun listeningn self.recognitionInit(self);n self.startRecognition(self);n };nn self.recognition.onend = functionn /*event*/n () {n // Fired when the speech recognition service has disconnected.n self.isRecognitionStart = false;nn if (self.noSpeech == false && self.speechResult == ”) {n // No match: Fired when the speech recognition can’t recognise speechn if (self.speechText) {n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_nomatch’);n }nn self.hideTrending(self);n self.showRetryLink(self);n self.errorAudio.play();n }n }; // trigger onReady event when initializednnn if (document && document.dispatchEvent) {n document.dispatchEvent(new Event(‘VOICE_JS_READY’));n }n }n } // static membersnnn VoiceSearch.I18n = I18n; // instance membersnn VoiceSearch.prototype.renderPermissionGuide = function (self) {n var tmpl = “\n

\n \n

\n

\n \n

\n

\n

“.concat(self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.permission_title’), “

\n

“).concat(self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.permission_text’), “

\n

\n

\n

\n “);n var dom = new DOMParser().parseFromString(tmpl, ‘text/html’);n document.body.appendChild(dom.body.children[0]);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.renderSpeechPanel = function (self) {n var tmpl = “\n

\n \n \n

\n

\n

\n \n \n \n \n \n \n

\n

\n

\n \n \n “.concat(self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_retry’), “\n

\n

\n

\n

\n

\n

\n “).concat(self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.trending_title’), “\n \n

\n

\n

\n “);n var dom = new DOMParser().parseFromString(tmpl, ‘text/html’);nn if (self && self.config && self.config.ui && self.config.ui.speechOverlay && self.config.ui.speechOverlay.disableBlur) {n dom.body.children[0].classList.add(‘disable-blur-overlay’);n }nn document.body.appendChild(dom.body.children[0]);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.isBrowserSupported = function () {n var isSupported = false;n var self = this;n var isChromium = Boolean(window.chrome);n var isIOSChrome = /CriOS/.test(window.navigator.userAgent);n var isEdge = /Edg\//.test(window.navigator.userAgent);n var isLegacyEdge = /Edge\//.test(window.navigator.userAgent);n var isOpera = Boolean(window.opr);n var isBrave = Boolean(window.navigator.brave);n var browsers = [// chromen {n checkEnabled: function checkEnabled() {n return true;n },n checkBrowser: function checkBrowser() {n return isChromium && !isIOSChrome && !isEdge && !isOpera && !isBrave;n },n checkAPI: function checkAPI() {n return win && (‘SpeechRecognition’ in win || ‘webkitSpeechRecognition’ in win) && (‘SpeechGrammarList’ in win || ‘webkitSpeechGrammarList’ in win);n }n }, // edgen {n checkEnabled: function checkEnabled() {n return self && self.config && self.config.browsers && self.config.browsers.edge;n },n checkBrowser: function checkBrowser() {n return isChromium && isEdge && !isLegacyEdge;n },n checkAPI: function checkAPI() {n return win && (‘SpeechRecognition’ in win || ‘webkitSpeechRecognition’ in win) && (‘SpeechGrammarList’ in win || ‘webkitSpeechGrammarList’ in win);n }n }];nn for (var b = 0; b < browsers.length; b++) {n var browser = browsers[b];nn if (browser && browser.checkBrowser && browser.checkBrowser() && browser.checkEnabled && browser.checkEnabled(self) && browser.checkAPI && browser.checkAPI()) {n isSupported = true;n }n }nn return isSupported;n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.recognitionInit = function (self) {n // Initialize flags for checking whether user is speaking or notn self.speechResult = ”;n self.noSpeech = true;n self.isRecognitionStart = true;n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.showPermissionGuide = function (self) {n if (self.permissionGuide) {n self.permissionGuide.classList.remove(“hide”);n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.hidePermissionGuide = function (self) {n if (self.permissionGuide) {n self.permissionGuide.classList.add(“hide”);n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.getTrending = function (self) {n // Call api for trending termsn if (!self.config.enable_voice_trending || !self.trending) {n return;n }nn var url = “https://api.search.yahoo.com/data/v3/search?appid=4d234a9d&market=” + self.config.trending.market + “&features=trending.voice”;n self.ajaxReq(url, function (resBody) {n if (!resBody || !resBody.response || !resBody.response.search || !resBody.response.search.results || !resBody.response.search.results[“trending.voice”]) {n return;n }nn var terms = resBody.response.search.results[“trending.voice”].data;n self.showTrending(self, terms);n });n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.showTrending = function (self, terms) {n // params checkn if (!Array.isArray(terms) || terms.length < 3) {n return;n } // DOM checknnn if (!self.trending || !self.termSpans || !self.termSpans[0]) {n return;n }nn var trendingLabel = ”;n trendingLabel += ‘”‘ + terms[0].text + ‘”‘ + ‘, ‘;n trendingLabel += ‘”‘ + terms[1].text + ‘”‘ + ‘ ‘;n trendingLabel += self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.trending_or’) + ‘ ‘;n trendingLabel += ‘”‘ + terms[2].text + ‘”‘;n self.termSpans[0].innerText = trendingLabel;n self.trending.classList.remove(“hide”);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.hideTrending = function (self) {n if (!self.trending) {n return;n }nn self.trending.classList.add(“hide”);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.showRetryLink = function (self) {n if (self.retryLink) {n self.retryLink.innerText = self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_retry’);n self.retryLink.classList.remove(“hide”);n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.hideRetryLink = function (self) {n if (self.retryLink) {n self.retryLink.classList.add(“hide”);n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.startRecognition = function (self) {n self.hidePermissionGuide(self);n self.getTrending(self);n self.startAudio.play();nn if (self.speechText) {n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_start’);n win.setTimeout(function () {n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t(‘search.voice.recognition_listening’);n }, 2000);n }nn if (self.speechPanel) {n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(“s2tb-h”);n self.speechPanel.classList.add(“s2tb”);n }nn self.hideRetryLink(self);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.closePanel = function (self) {n self.closeAudio.play();n win.setTimeout(function () {n if (self.speechPanel) {n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(“s2tb”);n self.speechPanel.classList.add(“s2tb-h”);n }nn self.hideTrending(self);n self.hideRetryLink(self); // clean up esc listenernn doc.removeEventListener(‘keydown’, self.onEscKeyDown);n }, 100);n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.handlePunctuation = function (self) {n if (self.speechResult.length > 0) {n var lastChar = self.speechResult.charAt(self.speechResult.length – 1);nn if (lastChar === ‘.’ || lastChar === ‘?’ || lastChar === ‘。’ || lastChar === ‘?’) {n self.speechResult = self.speechResult.slice(0, -1);n }n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.sendBeacon = function (actn, slk) {n var ULT = win.YAHOO.ULT || {},n SB = win.YAHOO.SB || {};nn if (ULT.beacon_click) {n var trackParams = {n _S: SB.config.i13n.spaceid,n _I: SB.config.i13n.pvid,n actn: actn,n sec: ‘search’,n slk: slkn };n win.YAHOO.ULT.beacon_click(trackParams);n }n };nn VoiceSearch.prototype.ajaxReq = function (url, callback) {n var DONE_STATE = XMLHttpRequest.DONE || 4; // for IE-compatibilitynn var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();n var responseRaw;n var response; // CORS request only for IE8/IE9nn if (doc.documentMode && doc.documentMode < 10) {n var xdr = new win.XDomainRequest();nn xdr.onload = function () {n try {n response = JSON.parse(responseRaw);n callback(response);n } catch (err) {n return;n }n };nn xhr.open(‘GET’, url);n xhr.send();n return;n } // CORS request for browers newer than IE9nnn xhr.onreadystatechange = function () {n if (xhr.readyState !== DONE_STATE) {n return;n } // handle ajax responsennn switch (xhr.status) {n case 200:n responseRaw = xhr.responseText;nn try {n response = JSON.parse(responseRaw);n callback(response);n } catch (err) {n return;n }nn break;nn default:n // non-200 status code: retry or assume failuren callback(response);n break;n }n };nn xhr.open(‘GET’, url, true);n /* aync request */nn xhr.timeout = 10000;n xhr.send();n };nn if (!win.YAHOO) {n win.YAHOO = {};n }nn if (!win.YAHOO.Util) {n win.YAHOO.Util = {};n }nn win.YAHOO.Util.VoiceSearch = VoiceSearch;n})(window, document);nn//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/index.js?”)},”./src/lib/I18n.js”:
/*!*************************!*
!*** ./src/lib/I18n.js ***!
*************************/function(module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval(“module.exports = function () {n var LANG_LIST = __webpack_require__(/*! ./lang_list.json */ “./src/lib/lang_list.json”);nn var DEFAULT_LANG = ‘default’;nn var isValidLang = function isValidLang(lang) {n return LANG_LIST.indexOf(lang) !== -1;n }; // convert language strings to key-value mapnnn var buildStrMap = function buildStrMap(langStrings) {n return langStrings.reduce(function (strMap, item) {n strMap[item.id] = item.defaultMessage;n return strMap;n }, {});n };nn var I18n = function I18n(options) {n // initializen this.lang = isValidLang(options && options.lang) ? options.lang : DEFAULT_LANG;n }; // static membersnnn I18n.langMap = {};n I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG] = buildStrMap(__webpack_require__(/*! ../lang/strings.json */ “./src/lang/strings.json”));nn I18n.setLangMap = function (lang, strings) {n if (lang && strings) {n I18n.langMap[lang] = buildStrMap(strings);n }n }; // instance membersnnn I18n.prototype = {n t: function t(id) {n switch (true) {n // look up target languagen case Boolean(I18n.langMap && I18n.langMap[this.lang] && I18n.langMap[this.lang][id]):n return I18n.langMap[this.lang][id];n // fallback to default stringsnn case Boolean(I18n.langMap && I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG] && I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG][id]):n return I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG][id];nn default:n return ”;n }n }n };n return I18n;n}();nn//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/lib/I18n.js?”)},”./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./src/index.css”:
/*!*******************************************************************************************************!*
!*** ./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./src/index.css ***!
*******************************************************************************************************/function(module,__webpack_exports__,__webpack_require__){eval(‘__webpack_require__.r(__webpack_exports__);n/* harmony import */ var _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0__ = __webpack_require__(/*! ../node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js */ “./node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js”);n/* harmony import */ var _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0___default = /*#__PURE__*/__webpack_require__.n(_node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0__);n// Importsnnvar ___CSS_LOADER_EXPORT___ = _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0___default()(function(i){return i[1]});n// Modulen___CSS_LOADER_EXPORT___.push([module.id, “/* Sprites */\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite,\n#spchp .close-button,\n#spch .close-button,\n#spch .spchc .microphone,\n#spch .spchc .speaking .microphone {\n background-image: url(https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/voiceSearch1x-1620383531565.min.png);\n background-repeat: no-repeat;\n background-size: initial;\n color: transparent;\n}\n/* Retina displays */\n@media\n only screen and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2),\n only screen and (min-device-pixel-ratio: 2),\n only screen and (min-resolution: 192dpi),\n only screen and (min-resolution: 2dppx) {\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite,\n#spchp .close-button,\n#spch .close-button,\n#spch .spchc .microphone,\n#spch .spchc .speaking .microphone {\n background-size: 41px 330px;\n background-image: url(https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/voiceSearch2x-1620383531565.min.png)\n}\n }\n\n/* permission guide */\n#spchp.permission-guide {\n height: 100%;\n width: 100%;\n padding: 0;\n opacity: 0.9;\n background-color: #fff;\n left: 0;\n overflow: hidden;\n position: fixed;\n text-align: left;\n top: 0;\n z-index: 10000;\n transition: visibility 0s linear 0.218s, background-color 0.218s;\n}\n#spchp.permission-guide .close-button {\n background-position: 0 0;\n width: 24px;\n height: 24px;\n border: none;\n cursor: pointer;\n right: 0;\n margin: 20px;\n padding: 0;\n position: absolute;\n top: 0;\n z-index: 10;\n opacity: 0.8;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .close-button:hover {\n opacity: 1;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide {\n margin: 191px 0 0 507px;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone {\n height: 68px;\n width: 52px;\n border-right: 1px solid #232a31;\n float: left;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite {\n background-position: 0 -105px;\n width: 28px;\n height: 28px;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text {\n height: 68px;\n margin-left: 24px;\n float: left;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text .title {\n color: #232a31;\n font-size: 32px;\n font-family: HelveticaNeue-Bold;\n line-height: 28px;\n margin-bottom: 16px;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text .text {\n color: #232a31;\n font-size: 16px;\n line-height: 28px;\n }\n#spchp.permission-guide.hide {\n display: none;\n }\n\n/* speech panel */\n#spch.spch {\n background: #fff;\n height: 100%;\n left: 0;\n opacity: 0;\n overflow: hidden;\n position: fixed;\n text-align: left;\n top: 0;\n visibility: hidden;\n width: 100%;\n z-index: 10000;\n transition: visibility 0s linear 0.218s, background-color 0.218s;\n}\n#spch.spch .close-button {\n background-position: 0 0;\n width: 24px;\n height: 24px;\n border: none;\n cursor: pointer;\n right: 0;\n margin: 20px;\n padding: 0;\n position: absolute;\n top: 0;\n z-index: 10;\n opacity: 0.8;\n }\n#spch.spch .close-button:hover {\n opacity: 1;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc {\n display: block;\n height: 97px;\n pointer-events: none;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container {\n width: 100%;\n height: 100%;\n opacity: 0.1;\n pointer-events: none;\n transition: opacity 0.318s ease-in;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .spch-control {\n display: inline-block;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container {\n float: left;\n height: 91px;\n overflow: hidden;\n margin: 3px 0;\n pointer-events: none;\n width: calc(50% – 48.5px);\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container p {\n display: table-cell;\n vertical-align: middle;\n width: 550px;\n height: 97px;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container .spcht {\n font-weight: normal;\n color: #6e7780;\n line-height: normal;\n opacity: 0;\n pointer-events: none;\n text-align: left;\n -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;\n transition: opacity 0.1s ease-in, margin-left 0.5s ease-in, top 0s linear 0.218s;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container .spcht.hide {\n display: none;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container #spcht-retry {\n color: #0f69ff;\n cursor: pointer;\n pointer-events: auto;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container {\n pointer-events: none;\n position: relative;\n transition: transform 0.218s, opacity 0.218s ease-in;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container .button {\n background-color: #fff;\n border: 1px solid #eee;\n border-radius: 100%;\n bottom: 0;\n box-shadow: 0 2px 5px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);\n cursor: pointer;\n display: inline-block;\n left: 0;\n opacity: 0;\n pointer-events: none;\n position: absolute;\n right: 0;\n top: 0;\n transition: background-color 0.218s, border 0.218s, box-shadow 0.218s;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container .button .microphone {\n background-position: 0 -24px;\n width: 41px;\n height: 41px;\n left: 27px;\n pointer-events: none;\n position: absolute;\n top: 27px;\n transform: scale(1);\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple {\n position: absolute;\n width: 136px;\n height: 136px;\n z-index: -1;\n left: 50%;\n top: 50%;\n opacity: 0;\n margin: -70px 0 0 -70px;\n border-radius: 100px;\n -webkit-animation: ripple 3.3s infinite;\n animation: ripple 3.3s infinite;\n background-color: #fff !important;\n border: 2px solid #e0e4e9;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple:nth-child(2) {\n -webkit-animation-delay: 1.1s;\n animation-delay: 1.1s;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple:nth-child(3) {\n -webkit-animation-delay: 2.2s;\n animation-delay: 2.2s;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .button {\n background-color: #0f69ff;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .button .microphone {\n background-position: 0 -65px;\n width: 40px;\n height: 40px;\n pointer-events: none;\n position: absolute;\n transform: scale(1);\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple {\n background-size: 114px;\n position: absolute;\n width: 114px;\n height: 114px;\n z-index: -1;\n left: 50%;\n top: 50%;\n margin: -57px 0 0 -57px;\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple1 2s infinite;\n animation: speakingRipple1 2s infinite;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple:nth-child(2) {\n background-size: 123px;\n width: 123px;\n height: 123px;\n margin: -62px 0 0 -62px;\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple2 2s infinite;\n animation: speakingRipple2 2s infinite;\n }\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple:nth-child(3) {\n background-size: 136px;\n width: 136px;\n height: 136px;\n margin: -68px 0 0 -68px;\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple3 2s infinite;\n animation: speakingRipple3 2s infinite;\n }\n#spch.spch .spcho {\n background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, rgb(255, 255, 255) 50%, rgba(255, 255, 255, 0) 99%);\n display: block;\n min-width: 100%;\n text-align: center;\n top: 145px;\n padding-bottom: 71px;\n pointer-events: auto;\n }\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending {\n -webkit-animation: fadeIn 1s forwards;\n animation: fadeIn 1s forwards;\n opacity: 0;\n }\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending .trending {\n color: 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url(\”https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple1-1-202105260611.png\”);\n }\n\n 25%,\n 75% {\n background-image: url(\”https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple1-2-202105260611.png\”);\n transform: scale(1.1);\n }\n\n 50% {\n background-image: url(\”https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple1-3-202105260611.png\”);\n transform: scale(0.9);\n }\n}\n\n@-webkit-keyframes speakingRipple2 {\n 0%,\n 100% {\n background-image: none;\n }\n\n 25%,\n 75% {\n background-image: url(\”https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple2-2-202105260611.png\”);\n transform: scale(1.1);\n }\n\n 50% {\n background-image: url(\”https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple2-3-202105260611.png\”);\n transform: scale(0.9);\n }\n}\n\n@keyframes speakingRipple2 {\n 0%,\n 100% {\n background-image: none;\n }\n\n 25%,\n 75% {\n background-image: url(\”https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple2-2-202105260611.png\”);\n transform: scale(1.1);\n }\n\n 50% {\n background-image: 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Corporate landlords like Blackstone are gobbling up mobile home parks and rapidly driving up rents — here’s why the space is so attractive to them

The hunt for yield has pushed private equity firms and professional investors into new segments of the real estate market.

In recent years, sophisticated investors have snapped up multi-family units and single-family homes. Now, corporate landlords are targeting the most cost-effective segment of the real estate market: mobile home parks.

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The most affordable housing available

Manufactured homes or mobile homes are considered the most affordable non-subsidized housing option in America. That’s because the owners own only the prefabricated unit and not the land under the home. The land is usually leased from the landlord of a trailer park.

The average monthly rent for a mobile home in 2021 was $593. That’s significantly lower than the average one-bedroom condo rental rate of $1,450. The mobile park rental also often includes utilities and insurance.

Rents typically rise 4% to 6% annually and renters have the flexibility to move their housing unit to another park. These factors make the manufactured home highly attractive to low-income households.

As of 2020, nearly 22 million Americans lived in mobile homes. That’s 6.7% of the total population or about one in 15 people across the country. However, the economic inefficiencies that make these manufactured homes affordable also make them attractive to professional investors.

Investing in mobile home parks

Factors such as below-market rents and disrepair make mobile home parks attractive for investors seeking to add value. The typical mobile home park lot costs $10,000, which means 80 lots would be worth $800,000 on average.

Put simply, the entry price for these parks is much lower than multi-family apartments and condo buildings across the country.

Professional investors can also raise rents significantly to improve the valuation of the property. Attracting tenants with higher incomes or improving the park’s amenities and infrastructure are other value-add strategies that make this asset class appealing.

The fact that moving a typical mobile home costs between $3,000 to $10,000 also means that most tenants are unable to afford the move. This gives landlords immense pricing power.

Meanwhile, the yield is much higher. The capitalization rate (the ratio of net operating income to market price) could be as high as 9%, according to real estate partners Dave Reynolds and Frank Rolfe, who together are the fifth-largest owner of mobile home parks in the U.S.

The largest mobile park landlord is real estate veteran Sam Zell. Zell’s Equity LifeStyle Properties (ELS) owns 165,000 units across the country and the asset is a key element of his $5.4 billion fortune.

In recent years, larger investors such as Singapore’s sovereign wealth fund GIC and private equity firms such as The Carlyle Group, Brookfield, Blackstone, and Apollo have also added exposure to this asset class.

Even Warren Buffett is involved. His firm’s subsidiary, Clayton Homes, is the largest manufacturer of mobile homes in the U.S., and also operates two of the biggest mobile home lenders, 21st Mortgage Corp. and Vanderbilt Mortgage.

You can invest too

Retail investors looking for exposure to mobile home parks have plenty of options. Acquiring a park is, perhaps, the most straightforward way to access this asset class. However, publicly-listed stocks and real estate investment trusts offer exposure too.

Sam Zell’s Equity LifeStyle Properties is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker ELS. Sun Communities Inc. (SUI) owns 146,000 units across the U.S. and some in Canada, while Legacy Housing Corp. (LEGH) builds, sells, and finances manufactured homes.

Retail and institutional investors could see more upside from this segment as the economic inefficiencies are ironed out.

What to read next

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This article provides information only and should not be construed as advice. It is provided without warranty of any kind.

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